William L. Painter Analyst in Emergency Management and
Homeland Security Policy
report discusses the recent history of offsetting rescissions in paying for
supplemental appropriations to the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s
Disaster Relief Fund (DRF).
As Congress has debated the growing size of the budget deficit and national
debt in recent years, efforts have intensified to control spending and
offset the costs of legislation. In 1995, 2011, and again in 2012, the
question of offsetting disaster relief spending emerged in congressional
debate. In 2011, a series of disasters threatened to deplete the DRF,
which is the primary source of assistance to state and local governments
as well as individuals in the wake of disasters.
Hurricane Sandy struck the east coast of the United States on October 29, 2012.
The storm caused tens of billions of dollars in damage along the coast. As
damage estimates became public in the weeks after the storm, calls for
supplemental appropriations to help pay for recovery efforts were met with
calls for offsets from some quarters. On December 7, 2012, the Administration
released a request for $60.4 billion in supplemental appropriations in connection
with Hurricane Sandy, including $11.5 billion for the DRF. The preamble to
the request opposed offsetting the cost of the legislation.
Traditionally, supplemental disaster relief funding has been treated as
emergency spending, not counted against discretionary budget caps, and not
requiring an offset. However, supplemental spending packages have at times
carried rescissions that have offset, to one degree or another, their
budgetary impact. In some instances, the supplemental spending packages have contained both
appropriations for the DRF and offsetting rescissions.
This report examines the use of offsets in connection with supplemental funding
for the DRF since FY1990, reviewing three specific incidences where bills
that had an impact on the level of funding available in the DRF were fully
offset, and points out a number of issues Congress may wish to consider in
Since FY1990, there has only been one case in which supplemental funding for
the DRF was completely offset by rescissions.
Date of Report: December 10, 2012
Number of Pages: 21 Order Number: R42458 Price: $29.95
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